Nek Chand

After India gained their independence from Britain in 1947, Chand and his wife moved to the union territory of Chandigarh. With a passion for rocks and stones, Chand began collecting recycled materials and used them to construct sculptures and various structures on a government-protected gorge. Almost twenty years later, his construction was discovered by local authorities who threatened to tear it down. However, the complex quickly gained attention of the community and the Landscape Advisory Committee not only agreed to let it stand, but commissioned Chand to continue and expand his work into what would be known as, “The Rock Garden.” Now exhibiting plazas, waterfalls, a small theater and thousands of sculptures, the garden is considered a modern wonder of the world.




  • Nek Chand's Outsider Art: The Rock Garden of Chandigarh
  • Outsider Art: Spontaneous Alternatives
  • Raw Creation Art and Beyond
  • Raw Vision Outsider Art Sourcebook
  • Sublime Spaces and Visionary Worlds: Built Environments of Vernacular Artists
  • The Ruin, the Collection and the Theatre: architecture, sculpture and landscape of Nek Chand's Rock Garden, Chandigarh
  • Vernacular Visionaries: International Outsider Art

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